Boskowitz Benjamin Ze'ev Wolf

Benjamin Ze'ev (Wolf ) Boskowitz ha-Levi (1740 - 1818)

Named after his birthplace, he was the son of R. Samuel Kolin, the author of Mahazit ha-Shekel. In 1785 he was rabbi in Aszod (Pest district), and Prossnitz (Moravia, now Prostějov, Czech Republic) from 1786 to 1790. From there he returned to Alt-Ofen (Óbuda, part of Budapest) where he had previously resided.

He was the first rabbi of Pest.  Jews of Pest launched a movement in 1787 to form a separate community from Óbuda. As the two cities were not connected by bridge, examining issues of religious and public holidays, made ​​it necessary to maintain a permanent rabbi, although Moses Munz necessarily be governed by the prestige remained. The choice fell on Boskowitz, who was known Talmudic.

Boskowitz worked as rabbi of Pest  from 1793, but two years later, Moses Munz's veto forced him to resign. From 1797 to 1802 he served in Balassagyarmat; he then was invited to the rabbinate of Kolin (Bohemia, his father's birthplace) , but the government refused him permission to settle there because he was by then a Hungarian subject.

In 1809, he was invited to Bonyhád to be a rabbi, where he worked until his death.

He was very popular because of his piety. 

    

His main works are the following: Seder Mishnah (commentary on Maimonides' Yad ha-Chazaka Addiction);  His annotations to Maimonides' Mishneh Torah were partly published (to Sefer ha-Madda (Prague, 1820), to Hilkhot Shabbat (Jerusalem, 1902), to Hilkhot Shevitat Asor (1940), and to Hilkhot Hamez u-Mazzah (1941)). He also wrote: Ma'amar Esther—sermons on the Bible and aggadah (Buda, 1822); Shoshan Edut, to the tractate Eduyyot (1903–05); and Le-Binyamin Amar, a commentary on the sayings of Rabba b. Hana in Bava Batra 73 (ibid., 1905). Boskowitz corresponded with R. Ezekiel Landau of Prague on halakhic problems (cf. Noda bi-Yhudah, Mahadurah Tinyanah, OH 25:60, 61, and YD 14:45, 80, passim).

R. Boskowitz' glosses on the Babylonian Talmud were first printed in the Vienna edition of 1830 and frequently ever since.

 

 

Sources:

 

The Book "Seder Mishna" is fully available on  .

(Yechiel)

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